THE EFFECTIVENESS OF POLICY, PLANNING, RISK ASSESMENT, DATA MANAGEMENT AND COMMUNICATION ON DISASTER PREPAREDNESS AMONG 8TH INFANTRY BRIGADE IN KELANTAN

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Safar Yaacob, S. Inderjit, Nora Ibrahim

Abstract

Natural disasters are a common phenomenon in every country in the world. However, the differences between the
impact on the devastation and victims depend on how the disaster is managed and how well preparedness is arranged by the
agency responsible for dealing with disaster in helping the affected victims, either natural or unnatural disaster. Good disaster
management will consider the authorities' functions until they had a good perception from the community or society. This
study examines the relationship between policy, planning, risk analysis, and data management on disaster preparedness of
Infantry Battalion personnel in the State of Kelantan in the 8th Infantry Brigade. The quantitative research method by
distributing questionnaires was used to obtain feedback on 297 respondents who were sampled for this study. This study uses a
questionnaire that contains several questions on policy, planning, risk management, data management, communication, and
disaster preparedness. The data were analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 25 and Partial Least
Squares (PLS) version 3.2.8. The dependent variables are the disaster preparedness of Infantry Battalion personnel in the 8th
Infantry Brigade, while the independent variables are the policy, planning, risk analysis, and data management. The study's
findings showed a significant relationship between all the independent variables on the disaster preparedness of the Eighth
Brigade personnel. In such cases, it is recommended that the Malaysian Army should scrutinize and focus on exposure to all
levels in the battalion regarding disaster management. Proposed approaches and improvements and confidence in performing
and handling tasks are highly dependent on the experience and knowledge of personnel either formally or informally.
Personnel who received more analysed exposure were more confident and contributed to the effectiveness of actions during the
mobilization of disaster operations.

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