Study on Evaluation of Machine Learning Approaches in Brain Tumour MR Images

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Nisha Joseph, et. al.

Abstract

The principal intention of this work is to compare the performance of the supervised brain tumour segmentation methods. These segmentation methods are based on machine learning. First, the input MR brain image is denoised by employing the adaptive bilateral filter, and the image contrast is enhanced employing the histogram equalization. Then we retrieve the features from the pre-processed image. Among several feature extraction methods, this work uses the shape, intensity, and texture feature extractors. Subsequent to removing these three types of features, fragment the tumor dependent on these recovered segments. The supervised segmentation approach is used for this. Among several supervised segmentation methods, this work uses three machine learning methods, namely Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN), Artificial Neural Network (ANN), and Convolution Neural Network (CNN). Finally, the retrieved features are feed into these machine learning methods to segment the brain tumour regions. To find out the best machine learning approach, the performance of these three supervised machines learning methods is evaluated by four performance metrics. Based on these evaluations, the best segmentation approach is discovered. Four execution boundaries are utilized, in particular, Dice Similarity Coefficient (DSC), Positive Predictive Value (PPV), Jaccard list (JI), and Sensitivity (SEN) to analyze the presentation of the AI strategy. The experimental outputs exposed that the CNN makes greater than other methods.

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