The A REVIEW OF APPLICATIONS OF ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUES IN PETROLEUM INDUSTRY

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Harpreet Kaur, Atul Goyal

Abstract

Ultrasound, as an emerging green technology has received increasing attention of the petroleum industry. The diversity of ultrasound techniques
used in oil and gas pipeline plants provides us with a wealth of information on how to exploit this technology when combined with other
techniques, in order to improve the quality of analysis. The fundamental theory of ultrasonic nondestructive evaluation (NDE) technology is
offered, along with practical limitations as related to two factors (wave types and transducers). This review paper presents applications and
limitations of some ultrasonic techniques. The paper demonstrates the fundamental theory of ultrasound and type of waves used and examines
the inspection approaches of the contact and angle beam techniques. This review also clarifies and discusses the options used in solving the
industrial engineering problem, with a comprehensive historical summary of the information available in the literature. Merging various NDE
inspection techniques into the testing of objects is discussed

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