Main Article Content
The governance of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) is a determining factor for the functioning and
quality of higher education systems. Several the major challenges facing higher education are related to the
quality assurance, governance, and management of HEIs specifically the PHEIs. With the increasing
demand for higher education as well as the acknowledgement of its role in promoting economic growth, it
becomes more essential to ensure that HEIs are managed in an effective manner. Based on the Higher
Education Review Unit (HERU)/National Authority for Qualifications & Quality Assurance of Education &
Training (NAQQAET) review findings, a number of the major challenges facing higher education in the
Kingdom of Bahrain are related to the quality assurance, governance, and management of HEIs. Most HEIs
face challenges in forming their governance structures and activities to be in line with international good
practice. In many PHEIs there is a disjuncture between the institution’s vision and mission and its education
provision. In addition, there is a blurring between ownership and governance in almost all PHEIs.
Furthermore, governance and management structures are generally not clearly outlined, which means that
there is a lack of good corporate governance. The researchers identify the factors affecting governance,
management, and quality assurance of higher education from stakeholders’ perspectives.