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The most tremendous attacks in the globeis Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, which is the very powerful and typical external attempts to weak bandwidth of the victims or interrupt legitimate users to access the services. The traditional Internet services of architecture is unsafe to DDoS attacks and the collection of internet connected devices affected by the malwares, then it allows the intruders to control all the internet connected devices is a Botnet or attacked networks.In Botnet, one disadvantage is that if the Botnet is set up then the intruder creates the large-scale networks to attack on more number of victims.As anoutcome of the permanentgrowth of latest attacks and constantly growingcollection of weak sources on the internet, the Detection, Prevention of DDoS attack and Trace back methods have been proposed.In this paper, we have reviewed various types of classification methods for DDoS attacks and its countermeasures. Finally,this survey paper assesses and illustrates the efficiency of variousDDoS attacks including detection, defense and mitigation, trace back methods. These methods rely on better router functionality or changes to existing protocols. The advantages and disadvantages of existing research methods in this problem are also described..
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