From Assembly Line to Industry 4.0: The Evolution of Manufacturing

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Beginning with the development of the assembly line by Mr. Henry Ford, the industrial sector
has seen a considerable shift since the late 18th century. The industry has continually changed
to be more effective, efficient, and increase productivity, beginning with the mass production
of standardized items in the 20th century and ending with the talk about automation and robots
in 2017. The industrial 4
th revolution will combine cutting-edge technology like artificial
intelligence, machine learning, smart factories, big data analytics, and the internet of things to
create a more effective and connected environment. This paper will discuss the turning points,
trends and patterns, and problems in the development of manufacturing starting from the
assembly line to Industry 4.0. In its later part, the paper will discuss the potential pros that the
latest Industry offers, that include customization by the customers, sustainability, and
protection of employees. Moreover, it discusses the essential methods for businesses to adopt
and succeed. Ultimately, the paper will conclude that Industry 4.0 represents a transformative
shift in the manufacturing sector that will revolutionize the way humans conceive, fabricate,
and utilize various products


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How to Cite
RITESH UPADHYAY. (2023). From Assembly Line to Industry 4.0: The Evolution of Manufacturing. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT), 9(1), 436–444.
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