Motivation for Polygamous Marriage in Islamic Boarding School Community (Case Study in Maccopa Maros Community)

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St.Wijdanah Ram, Tahir Kasnawi, Suparman Abdullah, Sakaria Anwar

Abstract

This article aims to analyze the motives behind polygamous marriages in the Maccopa Maros
Islamic boarding school community. The method used in this research is a case study
qualitative method using in-depth interviews, observation, and document studies in collecting
data. Informants The informants of this research were categorized into three groups, the first
was a key informant, namely one of the managers (Secretary General) of the Darul Istiqamah
Islamic Boarding School who was considered to understand the ins and outs of the Maccopa
community, the second was an ordinary informant with 4 pairs of polygamous couples who
will be the research subject, which is selected purposively. They are a harmonious
polygamous couple in the Maccopa Maros Islamic Boarding School community with criteria
1. A polygamous marriage known to the first wife. 2. Polygamous couples whose second
marriage age is 10 years and above, because it is considered that at 10 years of age
polygamous marriage has passed the adaptation period and has passed critical periods of
marriage. The third is expert informants who have expertise in the fields of religion and
society. The number of expert informants is 1 person. The results of the study of polygamous
marriages in terms of rational choice theory found the fact that they have motivation for selfinterest
that contains values or choices. There are several reasons they carry out polygamous
marriages, including as an application to Islamic da'wah, increasing leadership in building
households, setting a good example of polygamy to the community, and to save themselves
from sin.

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