Redevelopment of Brownfields, an Approach toward Sustainable Local Development

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Omid Hosseın Eskandanı, et. al.

Abstract

Urban development is an inevitable process evolving constantly. However, concerns over direction of these developments and physical expansion of cities so that they fulfil today’s needs and meet the requirements of the future are always growing. The reason for this distress is the impact urbanization policies have on socioeconomic and environmental issues in urban areas. In this regard, considering the limitations the planet earth has for development of cities along with the problems caused by uncontrolled and irregular growth of cities, smart growth has become a prominent alternative. In fact, smart growth provides a healthy habitat for life and incurs the least damage to the environment. One of the novel approaches toward smart growth of cities, is brownfields. In this regard, the emphasis is put on reusing urban lands deteriorating due to pollution and aridness. Abandoning these lands, induce numerous environmental, social and economic problems and gradually cause huge losses in cities. Not only does redevelopment of brownfields increase spatial and physical quality of cities, but also it plays a key role in the evolution of cities into sustainable societies. The present paper uses descriptive, formative and case study methods to investigate the goals and advantages of redevelopment of brownfields and elaborate on the measures that should be taken about these fields. Later on, to make the findings further objective, a case of redevelopment of brownfields is introduced in London, England and the transformation of a brownfield into a sports complex with several criteria of sustainability is discussed. Finally, findings of the study and its results are utilized to offer solutions so that these lands could be redeveloped and used optimally.

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